Dear yidelee,

The GPS time given for the events on the GWOSC webpages is obtained from the search pipelines and is thus the merger time when the template used is a binary black hole waveform model that includes the merger-ringdown (such as SEOBNRv4[_ROM]), and is the end time when the template used is a post-Newtonian waveform (such as TaylorF2 or SpinTaylorT4), which is used in the low-mass portion of the parameter space. See, e.g., Appendix D of the GWTC-3 paper for the description of the searches (in that particular case, the configurations used for O3b).

The minimally modelled coherent WaveBurst pipeline also described in that appendix also detected some of the events given in GWOSC, notably the marginal event 200214_224526. I am not sure how exactly it determines the GPS time of a detection, but presume that the results from the templated searches are given precedence for the cases where they also detect an event. However, I can enquire further about this if you are particularly interested in cases like 200214_224526, where there are also no parameter estimation results.

The merger time provided by the templated searches is indeed the time of largest absolute value of the waveform, with the appropriate definition of that quantity. The official LVK convention is that the merger time should be the time of maximum of the sum of the squares of the absolute values of all the l = 2 spin-weighted spherical harmonic modes of the waveform. (This somewhat complicated definition is chosen to apply to models for binaries with spin precession, which are used for parameter estimation, though not yet for the searches the collaboration carries out.) However, some waveforms use different conventions that are close to the official convention. Regardless, the merger time will be close to the maximum of the sum of the squares of the two polarizations of the waveform.

The end time used for post-Newtonian waveforms is the time at which the frequency becomes (formally) infinite.

As far as I can tell, the specific waveform used to obtain a given GPS time from the searches is not given in GWOSC. However, the parameter estimation results will give posterior samples for the GPS time (called `geocent_time`

) and say exactly which waveforms they use, so those should be used if you need a precise result and/or need to know whether you’re getting the merger time or end time for an event near the boundary between where the searches use binary black hole and post-Newtonian waveforms.

The waveforms used for parameter estimation of binary neutron stars, which do not include the merger phase, similarly would provide an end time. The neutron star-black hole waveforms generally give a time near the peak (so a “merger time”), but give a time well after the peak for some more extreme parameters.

I would point you to technical documents giving details about the conventions used in the various waveform models, but the details all seem just to be in internal LVK documentation.